Difference Between Absolute Monarchy and democracy

A government is a group of individuals or administration governing a community, usually a nation. Government consists of legislative, judicial and administrative branches. A country has many branches, including a federal, state and local governments. The heads of government are also called prime ministers and cabinet ministers.

Each country has a constitution which defines the powers and functions of government. Constitution plays a major role in defining the character of a country. For instance, constitution of UK guarantees the freedom of speech and freedom of press, which are fundamental rights of a citizen. On the other hand, constitution of Philippines guarantees freedoms of speech and press, which are not found in constitution of UK. On the other hand, constitution of India guarantees rights of citizens to life, liberty and protection of dignity, worth and right to peacefully live.

Majority of the citizens living in India are associated with constitutional system. It has brought independence to India and allowed multiparty system, which is popularly known as mixed constitution. Under this constitution, there are two main groups executive and legislature of India. In India, executive is represented by three ministers each from Independent India and Bharatiya Lok Dal (BLS) party. Lower house of parliament consists of Lower House of Representatives (LHRT), Upper House of Parliament (ULP) and House of Governors (HOJ). All the ministries are empowered to perform their functions, according to constitution.

Since, constitution is a source of pride for British colonizers, it is evident that it plays a crucial role in shaping modern India. British colonists were unhappy with the existing arrangement of India’s government and they wanted to introduce changes to make the political system more stable. They introduced changes in the constitution that gave right to national government to Indian people, who were previously subject to British rule.

There is a big difference between absolute monarchial government and democracy. Absolute monarchy grants absolute power over the people while democracy is popularly called representative government or representative form of government system. No matter what kind of government system you are talking about, both of them bring democracy in India though representative form of government system gives limited power to citizens compared to their elected representative.

There are many myths about democracy and capitalism that keep the minds of the citizenry under surveillance. On the other hand, capitalism is good for business. As for myths about socialism and communism, the former promotes economic freedom, entrepreneurial enterprise and sharing of resources, wealth and profits, whereas the latter promotes collectivism, central planning, central control over resources, and excessive concentration of land, capital, labor and capital in fewer hands. Capitalistic economy in India facilitates the growth of economy by providing cheap labor, cheap resources, and cheap capital. A capitalist economy in India makes decision on the cost effectiveness of capital. So, both of them play a vital role in making citizens well-informed, active and proactive citizens of India.