The term “government” refers to the entire body of officials that make up a government. A government consists of many organs and agencies, all of which perform different functions. For example, a government institution may be a county, state, or nation. A government is ruled by a constitution and is ruled by the courts. The role of government is very broad as well. All government offices and departments perform some specific functions, including:
Democracy refers to the rule of lawfulness of the polity. It is a form of government by which certain individuals or groups can rule over a polity. Some common examples of democracy include France, Italy, Spain, Greece, the United States, and Pakistan. In contrast, there are several forms of government based on different forms of democracy. The term “anarchy” literally means “without political parties.” Most nations that have experienced both capitalism and socialism as political systems have had both forms ofarchy in the past.
There are three different types of democracy: absolute, mixed, and democratic. Absolute democracy is a form of government in which all political power is possessed by a political party. Mixed government is a form of democracy that involves two political parties with overlapping power. A democratic government makes use of proportional representation to elect its leaders. This ensures that a certain percentage of seats are held by a particular party.
capitalism is a form of government in which private ownership of the means of production is allowed. Some nations under capitalism have far more advanced technology than other nations in a variety of industries. Under capitalism, there are lower levels of taxation compared to most of the other forms of government. Many goods produced by corporations are not left entirely to the hands of the private sector, and public goods such as healthcare, education, roads, etc., are provided through capitalism.
In socialism, ownership of the means of production is completely controlled by the state. Unlike capitalism, the state does not permit private ownership of goods. As well, socialist economies often utilize state-run production facilities for the production of basic goods. This is beneficial to the working class, since they are provided with better jobs than those provided by a capitalist economy. A free market for goods allows goods to be supplied at the lowest possible costs with minimal overhead and without depending on foreign countries for labor. A democratic government will provide its citizens with adequate public goods and services at reasonable prices.
No matter what form of government is in place, the freedoms of individuals are preserved. Private property is not abolished and people are allowed freedom to select the kind of employment they want to do. The right to an education is guaranteed in a democratic economy. Unlike capitalism and socialism, education is not limited and students are able to receive a quality education that will help them later in life. Unlike the former, a democratic economic system provides its citizens with access to basic social services such as healthcare and clean water.