History of United States
A government is basically a group of individuals or government officials governing an entity, usually a country. The country or state is ruled by the government. The government consists of a head of state or government, the cabinet, and other members such as secretaries, ministers, members of the House of Representatives and Senate, judges, magistrates etc. The head of state or government is usually called the president.
Every state has a constitution that governs its government. The constitution of each state also specifies the powers and functions of the government. Although many believe the supreme power is reserved to the state governments, this is not true. Whenever there is a clash between two equal branches of government, it is forwarded to the federal court system, or the U.S. Supreme Court.
States have their own set of political organizations. These organizations, or parties, have their own leaders. They are called legislative bodies. The legislative bodies include the House of Representatives and the Senate, the governor, the members of the House and Senate, the speaker of the house, the lieutenant general of the state, members of the local governing boards, the boards of education and commerce, the sheriffs, judges, probate courts, the cabinets of several ministries etc.
All these elected representatives or members swear an oath to support and defend the constitution of their respective states. But there is a limited number of representatives for every legislative body. There is also an upper chamber, the supreme court, which can overrule the decisions and power of the lower chamber. Although there is a limited power of attorney of the central government, but this is only in cases where there is a serious abuse of power. For instance, there are many abuses of power by the federal government.
The central government is answerable to the American people for any wrong done on their behalf. The representatives or members must always respect the constitution of the country. The central government can not create laws that are beyond the borders of the constitution. The political system of the United States consists of three major parties – Democratic Party, Republican Party and Liberty Party – each with its own political system and set of party rules.
In 1787 the Continental Congress declared that there was no longer any authority in Congress to enact laws that exceeded the power given to the courts by the Constitution. The colonists rebelled against the rule of the aristocrats and established the first national government in the history of the United States. The British constitution gave way to the Articles of Union, a constitution for the entire North American continent and the supreme court system.