Do You Know How To Manage A Government Better?
A government is the group or department of authorities managing an organization, usually a nation. It includes national, provincial and local governments. The functions of government vary from providing public services to regulation of the economy. A government can be ruled by a centralized authority, which includes a president, prime minister, a cabinets and other top officials, or by a decentralized power, which includes a municipal, regional, national or regional administration. The most famous branches of government are:
Federal Government: It is the national government which has one head – the federal president. The supreme court is its highest court. All constitutional federal laws are approved by the federal parliament. Congress, created by the US constitution, represents the people and decides the policy of the country. The legislative branch consists of the Senate and House of Representatives. Presidents are elected for two terms, once for a single term and once for multiple terms.
Federalism theory says that a government should have limited powers. It gives power to the local government and local governments have limited powers themselves. This means that the federal government can only initiate action through the representatives of the states and people follow suit. A democracy is popularly referred to as “representative democracy” in which each person has the power to initiate legislation in the legislature. The constitution of the United States says that no person, except a senator, representative of a state, shall be appointed to any office in the Legislature.
decentralization theory says that governments should empower regions so they can maintain local control over various matters. In Australia, the regions have equal power, but still enjoy significant representation in the national government. There are many years of experiment behind this theory. Many years ago, the federal government allowed regions of the country to decide how they would fund education, how they would run hospitals, how they would police the borders and how they would manage immigration.
“Social progress” is also a key component in a democratic society. Everyone has a basic right to an equal social status. A society has been described as a “social state” where everyone has access to basic necessities such as food, health care and education. The meaning of ” Progress” is determined by many social scientists. One prominent thinker who has written extensively on this topic is Karl von Clausewitz.
A constitutional system is needed for a functioning society. A constitution is a set of rules governing how a country’s government and its political subdivisions will function. The US system is based on a constitution created by the US House of Representatives and the US Senate after the American Revolution. There are critics who believe that a direct form of democracy is not good enough. There are many other theories of how to increase government efficiency and effectiveness including decentralization and political subdivision.